While most yurt skins are treated with fire retardant, this does not mean they are fireproof, nor that they will resist sparks that are wind driven or generated by “punk” firewood. Like tents, yurts that are treated still will develop holes as hot embers hit them. However, they do resist flaming. However, the space age bubble insulation used on the interiors of many flexible wall yurts, as well as they solid EPS or high-density foam insulation employed in rigid all designs can erupt into flames, and some of the petroleum-based applications can produce toxic gases. For this reason, it is imperative that any heaters, stoves, kerosene lanterns or candles be placed and installed so that the risk of coming in contact with flammable materials is eliminated.
The EasYurt portable yurt is one of those kits that require attention to fire protection techniques, even though it, like other name-brand packages generally are quite safe.
The use of propane heaters or kerosene units is not recommended in any closed space, since they suck oxygen out of the inside air quickly. When using flame units that generate quick and intense heat, always make sure that there is adequate ventilation.
Electric heaters, too, need to be placed so that they are a sufficient distance from walls and flammable surfaces.
One of the common appliances used in yurts and cabins are tankless water heaters. These units have a short chimney that extends less than a foot from the wall-mounted units. This, by definition, means that their hot outlet vents are inches from exterior tarpaulin skins. Similarly, wood stoves, popular in ice fishing shacks, often are vented out of the walls of cabins and yurts, with live sparks floating less than a foot from the walls.
Two key preventive measures can reduce the risk associated with flame, high heat and sparks coming in contact with these flammable surfaces.
First, outlets should always be on the downwind (leeward) side of any surface, so that heat and sparks are dissipated away from the building. That downwind side is the one farthest from approaching prevailing winds, during prime heating seasons.
In summer, wind direction often swings to a more southerly direction in the northern hemisphere, but prevail from the north and northwest during spring and autumn. Thus, the stacks, vents and chimneys should be on the southeast side of any building, even though that may be the warm side of the building.
The second preventive method should be to install the required outlets in an existing window frame. The window unit is replaced by a dual-layer aluminum sleeve that fills the window space, with fibreglass insulation or sand packed between the aluminum layers. This acts as a heat bridge, so that the chimney or stack may be quite hot, while, at a few inches from the vent, the temperature is considerably lower.
All vents should also have baffles, both to prevent wildlife (birds and rodents) from entering the chimney, and to diffuse heat and arrest sparks. Lastly, the vent should include a rain cap that further redirects heat and sparks.
While these steps will not eliminate fire risk entirely, the chance of damage or fire is greatly reduced.